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www.dooasia.com > ѧѴҪ >طҹѵʵ/THE PHIMAI HISTORICAL PARK 

طҹѵʵ/ THE PHIMAI HISTORICAL PARK

  طҹѵʵ 㹵; ҧȵѹ͡§˹ͧ͢Ҫ зҧ 60 鹷ҧԵҾ (Ҫ-͹) طҹѵʵ¤ͺ鹷ͧҳѹ繷駢ͧʹʶҹ˭Ч ˹ "ҷԹ" ҳշçسҷҧѵʵ ҧǻ¾ط ȵɷ 16 ҵա¾Ҫѹ 7 ǵ鹾طȵɷ 18 觤駹ͧ ͧ˭ͧ蹴ԹҺ٧Ѻ

͢ͺسŨҡ䫵 http://www.tourkorat.com

ҷԹ

ҷԹ

ʶҹ
:

   
  طҹѵʵ¹ 㹵; ҧȵѹ͡ §˹ͧ͢Ҫ зҧ 60 鹷ҧ " ԵҾ Ҫ - ͹ " ҷԹ ҳշçس ҧ ѵʵ


Թҧ :
 
   ҡͧҪ ҧǧŢ 2 (Ң - ͹) ֧ѡ . 49 ǢҷҧǧŢ 206 աҳ 10 . ֧ҷԹ зҧҡͧҪ ֧ҷԹ »ҳ 59 . ҾҧǧŢ 206 繶Ҵҧ Ҿ ҡͧҪ պԡöШӷҧ öö Ѻҧ ԡѺ - 觡äҤдǡ лʹ

ҧ
:
  
   ҧǻ¾ط ȵɷ 16 ҵա ¾Ҫѹ 7 ǵ鹾طȵɷ 18 觤駹 ͧͧ˭ ͧ 蹴ԹҺ٧ طҹѵʵ¹ ҧ繾طʶҹҹ ҧҡ͹ҷѴ ͡ա˹ 繵Ẻ ʶһѵ¡ѺҷѴ㹡٪ ҧá ҷԹʹʶҹШѪŢͧѵ٪ 觹ѺʹԹ 繾طʶҹͧǾطҹع ͧӤѭͧѵ٪ 繼ӹ¡ҧ ͧҧиҹͧҷ ѹ˹ ҧ繷ȷͧй ѹͧǧҳҨѡá٪

ѡɳТͧҷԹ :

ҷԹ ҷԹ ҷԹ ҷԹ
 

    ҷԹ Сͺ ҧ˭ͧҧ աᾧͺ իе繤ҵԴ͡ѹµʹ ᾧҧԹᴧ ᾧҹ˹дҹ 220 ᾧҹѹ͡еѹ 277.50 Ѵҡᾧ ҹҧ й˭ ҹ鹹͡еٴҹѹ իҡҤҧԹ Ҵҧ 25.50 26.50 ѧҺѴ ʶҹªҧ Ѵҡҹ ж֧§ (ѹ䴪繷ҧԹҧ 2.35 ) Թض֧ѹʹ 4 ҹ ѧاԹŧҡ§ ж֧ҧ 3 ͧѺҤ 1 ѧ ҧ 3 ͧ Сͺͧ˭çҧ ҧ硫¢ ͧҧҧç ¡ "ҧѵ" ҹٻҧ 14.50 ٧ 11.40 ҧҧҹ ҧԹᴧ "ҧԹᴧ"ҧ11.40 ٧ 15 ҧ˭ͧҧ ҧиҹͧҷԹ觹 հҹ Ժͧҧ 18 آ˹ 32.50

ʹʶҹҧͧСͺǹҧ ѧ :

-

        ͹ dz㹡ᾧҷԹ Ҥѧ˹ ҧѹ˹趹 Ҥٻ׹ Ҵ 26 x 35.10 ҧԹ պѹлеҤ 駴ҹѹ͡еѹҧ е ԧ繻е͡ҹ 1 е աáͧ ·ءͧջеٷض֧ѹ Ҥѧʶҹѡ ͧѺѵ ҹª٧ʴһСͺԸշҧʹ 繷ѡѴǹ Ѩ¢ͧµҧ 㹾Ը

-
оҹҤҪ

         оҹҧԹ ç˹ҫе١ᾧ 鹹͡ٻҡҷҴ ҧ 4 3170 ¡٧ҡ鹴Թ ҳ 2.50 պѹ䴢ŧ 3 ҹ ԧѹ䴷Ѳѹٻա оҹͺ ӵǢͧҤҪ٤ѧҧ 7 ԧѹջеҡٻԧ ӴԹ ТͺоҹѡǴ§

-
ᾧ鹹͡Ые

    ᾧ鹹͡ : ҧԹ ŧá繺ҧǹ Ҵҳ 220 X 277.50 ջе͡¹Ẻҹе 2 ҹ ᾧ鹹͡ ҹȵѹ§ Ҿóش ѧդ٧ա 8

    е : 觡ҧᾧ鹹͡ 4 ҹ 繫е ͷ¡ѹ ⤻ ҧԹԹ ѧͧе٫ ѡɳٻҡҷ ջеټҹ 3 ҧ е١ҧҹҧͧآ ле٢ҧҧͧش 2 ҧ

    ҧԹҷ : 繷ҧԹҧԹԹ ٧һҳ 1 պѹŧҡҧԹҧ зͧҧ ͧͧҧʹǷҧԹѴѹ ҵ§ѹ ҡâش觺dz ..2530 龺ɡͧ кմԹ 繨ӹǹҡѹɰҹ¡鹷ҧԹ ѡɳ§ ѧا¡ͧԹ ͧѺ觼ؾѧ

   ó : dzҹ鹹͡աѹ ҧе٫ᾧЪ鹹͡ ٻҧ 25.50 X 26.50 ӹǹ 2 ѧ Ҥ 2 ѧѴҤ˭ ѡҹҺѴ ֧ª·ԧ ¡ ѹ ó ¶֧ ʶҹѡҤҧ ҧʹºѺѴͧ㹻Ѩغѹ 礧ºѺ ͧ ;ԨóҾҤ ǹѹɰҹ Ҩªҧ Ҩ繷СͺʹԨͧʧ 㹾طʹѷҹ ѹʹѡͧʹʶҹ觹 Ҩ繷ѡкǹʴ稢ͧѵ ҹ¡

   й : 4 ͧҹ鹹͡ բҴҡѹ е˹觷駡ǵçѹ ͡ҡdzѧ 駢ͧѴҧ ͡ ҧҧ͡ҷ 4 Ѵ ѴԹ Ѵлҧ˭ Ѵʶ (վʶ ¡ѹ ʶҾ) Ѵлҧ ҡ÷¡ʶ ʶҾ СͺѺ龺оطٻظҵ͹ ͤ駡෾ԾԸ ѧ駵˭ ¡ا駷ͧ ¡ Ҿ йӷ ֧йӷѴҹ شШѴͧ

- ᾧЫе

  ᾧ : ҧԹͧǵͧѹ ٻ׹ ͺҹҷ ҧ 2.35 Ǩҡ˹ - 72 ҡѹ ͡ - ѹ 80 ٧ҡ鹴Թ 1 Թض֧ѹ ǹѧҹ͡Դֺ ˹ҵҧʹ дѺ١Ǵ

  е٢ͧᾧ : ҧԹ蹡ѹ 4 е ѡɳФ«е١ᾧ鹹͡ 硡 ը֡ͺе ѡâͧҳ Ƕ֧ Сҧٻþ ൧ʹҺšԪ ..1651 Ѻѧͧе ǹ˭ѧŧ ѨغѹӺҧǹ ԾԸѳʶҹ觪ҵԾ ǹ仵Դ ҳʶҹ ҾѡѺѧѧŻ ẺһǹѴ

  ҧиҹ
: ʶһѵ¡ѡ ٹҧͧʹʶҹ觹 ҧԹ¢ ѹ˹价ҧ ٧ 28 ҹٻѵ ҧ 22 آ 3 ҹ ҧ˹ ѹ͡еѹ ǹʹҧ ѧҷ繪 Ŵ蹡ѹ ¡Ҫԧҵ 5 дѺ պعҧ леҡԹ ٻѵ ෾ҧ ʹشѡٻ͡

  ; : ҧԹ ŧҧǹ ҹ˹Ңͧҧиҹ ҧȵѹ§ ҤٻԹ Ҵ 6.50 X 17 ء͡繺ѹ ле - ͡ Ҥ ֧Թ ֧ҤʶҹСͺԸա ҧʹҾ ֧˵ ¡ ;

  ҧԹᴧ : 躹ҹǡѺ; ҧԹᴧ ҹҧٻѵʡҧ 11.40 ٧ 15 آ͡ 4 آдҹ 1 е ҡâش觾 ԹͰҹҧ͹Ǵѡ ҧѺҧҡŧҧʴ ʴ㹡áҧ ФҧѺ; ͧҡ躹ҹǡѹ

  
ҷԹҧѵ : ǡѹѺҧԹᴧ ҧŧҹ ٻѵ ҧ 14.50 ٧ 16 㹾еҡԹ ٻؤ 2 ٻ ٻ˹繺ؤŢҴ˭ 觢ѴҸ ͡ѹٻͧҢѹ 7 ¡ѹ Ǿѵ աٻ˹ʵչ觤ء ᢹҴ ӵ ͡ѹٻͧ йҧҪ բͧҪѹ 7 Ǻҹ¡ѹ ҧþ

  ҹҤ : ҧе١ᾧ ҹȵѹ͡Ѻҧиҹ ѡɳФ°ҹҧ ҧԹᴧ ٻѵʢҴ 8.15 ٧ 70

  ؾѵ : ҹȵѹ͡§ ͧҷԹ 繫ҡԹ਴좹Ҵ˭ ʹ԰ ˵ط¡ ؾѵ ͧ§ ѺԷҹ鹺ҹ ͧҧþѺǻҨԵ ҡѹʶҹ ͷ¾ԧǾѵ

 
    
    ǹ˭ѧ 㹤ѹҧ԰ Թ Թ ٻҳʶҹչѡ ҧè֧ з餹ҡ˧ ʹյͧͧ ǢͧѺҳʶҹ Ѳҡâͧ ѹСͺ 餹лҷԹ ͧ仴¡ѹ ŷѺ ҡطҹѵʵ 繻ªҧ觵֡͡ ѵʵҳ ෤աáҧʹյ ʹçôѲͧҵ 繼ŷصˡͧ դԭɰԨ ҵ ҡͧ Ъ·ءդѡ ǧ˹ѵ ԷҧѲ觹 оЪ¡ѹ Ѳҡҷ㹻Ѩغѹ ӤҤþ Ѻҹʹ ЪԵҧ ͧӤѭʹյ

 
 
觷㹡֡зͧŻẺ :
ҹʶҹͧ ѡṡ Ẻ

- ҹʶҹբҴ˭ : ҧ ҷԹ ҷ ҷ Ҩ繻ҷѴ 㹻ȡ٪ ҹʶҹѡ ѡաҧ㹪դԭҡ ҹʶҹ ͻСͺԸաҧʹ мӾԸ Шеͧ繼ͧͧ ͡ѵ ҹ

- ҹʶҹբҴ : ѡо繡ѹ仵ҹ͢ҧҧ "ä" "çҺ" ͧ СҧäŹ ҧ ҳ - ТͧԹҧ ѧҨ֧觡ҧҹ㹺dzҹ͹ҧ äŹ Թҧ շѡҧ׹ 繷觪Ǫ ʶҹҺ ¨վ˳Ш »СͺԸշӹҷӡѡ

 

ҷԹ

 

ҷԹ . ѧѴҪ ͧҳʶҹӤѭդӤѭشҤѹ͡§˹ͧ͢ ͧҡբҴ˭Ӥѭͧ 蹴Թҳ֧ͧѴҹҡй (ѧ) ͧҪҹբͧѧͧ·ҧ ѧͧ¨֧ѹ˹价ҧѺѺӤѭ ͹Ѻҷ    Ԫèеҧҡ Тشйªͧ ¡   ͧµ躹 ѹɰҹ 繪ҡ͹Ѳè աþŻѵẺǴմ ͧùҨҧѺǴѧ 

¹͡ҡҷѧջҷ ա ҷͧ, ҷҾ ѧӹ ҧ ӹ ͡ѹӹӷ§Թ¨ҡ§ҧҷ зҧҳ 70   ѺԹ·㹡áҧѨغѹѧҺҨҡ˹ҧ ͧҡ觵ѴԹ·شҧҡҷԹ¶֧ 70 ҹͨк . Ҫ 觨ʹ 2 ҧҧͧԵҾ ԹҧҷҨҡзҧԹ ҨйҧҷԹ ᶺҡ Ѵҡӹշҹ¡ ҹҧм ѴҡҹӨ繶Ѵçա֧еͧҧ 繻еͧӤѭشҧҹ˹¡ е٪ 觷Ӵŧ еٶ١ҧ¾Ҫѹ 7 觶觡ҧҡŧӹ 90% Żк¹   ҡâش¡Żҡ͡ 10 оеҡٻ⾸ѵš , ҧѪһԵ  ŻẺ¹ ͡ҡѧоẺҹ  

㹻ҷԹ شáҧ Ҥ÷˹һҷ ¡ ѧԹ 繤ӷǺҹ¡ѧ ͧЪǺҹ龺­Թظҷ ѧ֧ҷ Ѻͧͧ ͹Ѻçҧ͡ҷ

ѧԹѺѧ˹ ѡҾդ Ը  Թ¡͹ ;蹴ԹҪ ͧա÷ͺͧѧѡѡ¡ûѧͧҹ ͧ˹ԴеѺʴѧ͹ѡѡ һԴеʴͧաͧѾͧ鹷ѹ 令úءͧǡСѺѧҪҹ Ƿӡú٪ѭ


 

ä ҡѧԹҶ֧оҹҤоҹҹ˹ ἹѧٻҡҷͺоҹչҤͺ ҤǡѹŻẺѴ 繹Ҥ 7 Ӥѭ͡ѹͺжŻẺѴ

оҹҤ¶֧شҧšѺä ҳѧش駡Թ ҳ駡ԹоҹšѺä оҹҤº͹駹ͧ ͹оҹ ԧ׹ 2 (ԧѵͧͧ 㹻ᶺ辺ԧ ѧ鹶ԧ⵷˹ʴ繡ѺԷԾҨҡ¹͡ Թ¡չ) ÷ԧ⵻ҡáѺԷԾҨҡԹһѺԧẺ ѡɳТͧԧ⵷Ѳҡԭ٧شçѺ¾ҹҤẺѴ

ԧ⵪ǧáй觺 2 ѧҧԧ ¹Ѵ ԧ⵨׹ç 2 ˹Ф觹觤׹ 2 ѧ ׹ѡɳй觡 ׹ԧ 繹Ẻ§§¡ ͡ѡɳͧԧẺѴشͧѲ ùٻԧҵ 2 ҧ ¶֧ú ( Էѡѡһеٷҧ ͺѹ䴷ҧ) ͻͧѹ觪ʶҹѡԷ   

ѴҡоҹҤ繡ᾧҷӴԹ· Թ 2

-Թ

-Թժ

ҧ¡͹Թդسѵ㹡Ѻ˹ѡաժ ֧ǹͧѺ˹ѡҡ , ҹ, ͺе-˹ҵҧ 繼ѧ, ѧ Թժ  աëҷ㹻 2507 ͹ Ի ǽ ӡëҷ繤á

ëҷԹö੾Թҹ ҡëͧͻҷ͡ѧǻСͺ Թժٶҹ͡Ҩᵡ繼öӡѺ

֧ͧٹ仩Һкժ᷹ ֧աëçǹ Ҥ÷ ⤻, , ҧԹᴧ §

ҹѡԪҡêº͡ö «⤻дҹ˹ԹҧҴѹ᷹

ҡҨ֡辺ҷ ¡ͧ л (мȨҡ) ;оط ѧ鹻ҷԹ֧ҧͶ¾оطҾй ը֡ͺ

е ʹҺšԪʶһٻ ൧ء ѡҪ 1108 һҷԹµͧҧ鹡͹


 

ҶҢͧͧ¨ҡǺҹ չԷҹͧѡ ǡѺ ǻҨԵѺҧþ աѵͧ˹觹 Ǿѵ ԹԵѾͧҧþҧҡ ֧ѡҵ仫͹ͧҧ 㹷شҫ͹ͧ ǻҨԵǵҨͧ ⡹¡˹ͧ ҹ¹

Ҩҡ ѹʡĵ   Ѻ   ¹᷹ѹ ҧ , Ѫ ྪ  й鹤Ҿ¨֧ҨҡҨ֡ѡ͡ » ,Фͺ ͧ ͧ¹繾  ʹʶҹҧͧ ¡һҷԹ 繻ҷԹ˭ش㹻 ҳࢵҧҧش еҧͧ 觶ͧѲ÷Ҥҹ º ҷԹ駨¡ҧԹժٷѧ лҷԹʹþش㹻 ѡɳǡѹʹʶҹ 边ҧʹԹ Ͷ¾; ҧ繾طʶҹ¾оطҷժ

ҧԹ¡٧㹻Ѩغѹ Ҵ¡͹ѧاͺ о 2 ҧҧԹ ѴҡҧԹ§ 繷ҧǢҧ ѡҡͺҤ ҧԹ· 2 Դ ժ ҧҳԹҺҧ, ҹ, ͺе-˹ҵҧзѺѧ ǹժҧǹͧѧѧ

¡͹áԹ԰ѺԷԾŨҡԹ´¡ԹҡѹçҧйԴèѹ ¡ ѹ Դҧ˹觤ҤèФ͹ҧ᤺ öҧͧҡѧ繵ǺѧѺ ¡͹ͧ÷ؤҡ ѧ鹨֧ͧ¨ҡǡҧ᷹֧͡§ Ѳҡêѧͧҷ ¨ŻẺԡ¡Ẻһǹ Ѵ ¹ §ͺ

㹻ҷԹ¨ջҷӤѭ öѴਹ 3 ͧ

- ҷѧ˭çҧ ¡ ҷиҹ ˭شӤѭش ǻҷҹ, ѹآѹ ͡ѹ ҹ¡һҧԹᴧ Թժ㹡ҧ ǹ繻ҧŧѧ ¡ ҧѵ

Ҥ÷ 2 ѧ͡ѹ ǹӤѭش ҹҹѧͧٻþҹ 繻ҷҧ¾оط ٻþ繾оطٻ 觾оطٻ 90 繻ҧҤá ˹͢ҤùҤѧҹͧѧ ¹繾оطٻͧӴ»ٹ ǹͧԧԾԸѳ


 

ͧСͺҹ͡ҷͧСͺ 4 ǹӤѭ

- ˹Һѹ (Pediment) ͺ˹ҺѹѡɳеǾҹҤ ҷ繹Ҥ 5 Դǡѹ ŻẺѴ ˹ҺѹҾͧٻǹүҪ (÷ç͹) ҧʧҷҷ觹ҧ¾оطʹҷٻ ѡԪҡúҧͧ Ҩٻ⾸ѵšá Ҵٴ ҧͨҾ赹˹ ͺ 繾˹Тͧùͧ ֧ػٻзç͹Ҿ֧ͧẺѴ

- Ѻѧ (lintel) ׹ҢҧҧŧҢͧҷͷѺѧ ҷ ҾشѪŷ 4 辺Ѻѧ Ҩ仡͹˹ҹ

- һдѺͺе (colonet) ŻйѴ ç 8 Ѩغѹҹ

- ҵԴѧ (pilaster) Żкһǹѧó ¡ҹʹ͡ 3 ǹ ҹ, д͡ ҹ 2 մ 觡ҹ 3 ǹ ͡ѡɳẺһǹ dzŻйѴǹ˭ Ẻһǹǹ ¡ŻмѴẺһǹ 繹Ѵ͹

¡Ż 2 ¼ѹ + ¡¡ٻẺѧ ٻẺشѡ ҵ͹ŧ ѧբͧҼ ѧ鹨֧¡ Early ankor Wat style Transitional

 

 

Period (Bapuan & Ankor Wat) Ẻһǹ¡Ẻ Typical Ankor Wat Style (ẺѴ)

õѴԹһҷ Ҥ˧ҧѺʹ بҡҾѡࡳ

ҧԹᴧ ѹɰҹҹҨҧѧº¹ Թ·ҧҷԹ·ҨҡҤ÷ҧ鹡͹ҧ ѧࡵҡ԰ѡ С͹ö͡ѹٻ   辺ٻҧѪһԵ ෾Դ觤ǩҴ㹾طʹҹԡҹ

ǹҧѵ繻ҷҧŧ Ǿطȵɷ 18 ŻẺ¹ ҧ繻еҡ Ǻҹ¡ Ǿѵ ԧٻ͹Ҫѹ 7

ҷԹ¶١Ըշ¡ ͹ʵū ѧáͧ


 

  Ѿ


 

պع                              antefix (ѡɳ͹ع 4 ǹ)

բͧҹҤ                halo

١Ǵ                             pillar , initiation of the bamboo

оҹҤ                          Naga bridge

оҹ                           Naga balustrade

                                   Entrance Gate

Թ                                sand stone

ҧԹ¡                      elevated platform

ҧԹ                           processional way

ѧʹŴ                superstructure

ǹҧ                                basement

ǹҧ                              The body

ҹʹ͡                           Floral design

غ                                        pendent

ǧ                              garland , rural de feryatt

ó                              library

ҧä                         water processional

,                        Three prang instrument

ҧ                                    Tower


 

 

ʹҾط Ǿطк٪á ͧ٧仡Ҿѵ Ѻ;оطѡöѺҧ ֧֧ͧҳ

ѤȡҹѡͧǵʶҹӤѭҧѵʵҳ еͧ͸Ժ觷١ͧ觷ԴҴ Ѥȡ֧繵ͧͧҧԪҡâͧʶҹҹ ͸Ժ觷١ͧ觷ԴҴҷԧѹҧ ͹Ѻ͸Ժµҳʶҹҧ ռԴ١ѹ ѧҵͧդѺǤµǨͺҹҶ١ͼԴ ҵͧդ˹١ Ѥȡͧ¹ҡͨͺӶѺ١


 

 

 

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  THE PHIMAI HISTORICAL PARK طҹѵʵ
The Phimai Historical Park Dotted about Thailands great northeastern plateau are numerous temples of
varying sizes; most of these structures are believed to be about a thousand years old. These building-built
of brick, stone, or combinations of the two material-are of two types: those built by persons of Brahmanic culture,
these have three to five-storied bases surmounted by prominent spires; those constructed by Buddhist
patronages, have a low base an their spires are not so tall. The most spectacular of them all is at Phimai,
60 kms. Northeast of Nakhon Ratchasima. Prasat Hin Phimai which is the charmingly amusing largest sandstone
sanctuary in Thailand almost situated in the center of Phimai Ancient city which carries a rectangular shape of
665 meters wide and 1,030 meters long. Nowadays, the Sanctuary looks magnificiently restored and renovated.
The ruins of the facinating ancient Khmer architecture has been preserved as the National Historical Park. The
monument itself is surrounded with two red sandstone walls; the external wall and the gallery. These are
punetuated by gatetowers (Gopuras) at four cardinal points, North, South, East and West. The main entrance is
decorated with Naga balustrade which faces to the south where there are ancient routes cut from Angkor. The
main white sandstone Prang has its place in the middle, towers of 28 meters in height, and flanked by two minor
buildings, of the left was built in laterite called "Prang Bhramadhat" and on the right was built in sandstone
called "Prang Hin Daeng". Evidences of the main sanctuary reveal that all the external lintels including
pediments involve Hinduism, such as the carvings of Ramayana Story, Figures of Hindu Gods like Shiva and
Vishnu whereas the internal lintels involve typically masterful religious art of Mahayana Buddhism. Though,
it can be concluded that Phimai Sanctuary way built for the worship of both Mahayana Buddhism and Hinduism:
one of the internal lintels represents Trilokayavichaya Buddhism who standing on Hindo Gods, Shiva and his
wife, seems to mean that Buddhism becomes more significant than Hinduism. Two stone inscriptions
encountered, the first mentions the name of King suriyavoraman I (1002-1050) while the second at the door
frame of the Southen gallery describing the name of King Dharanidharavoraman I (1107-1113). These
inscriptions of different periods also coinsides with the characteristics of the artifacts found inside the main
prang, therefore, the well-restored ruins of Phimai Sanctuary may have been built in between late 11th mid
12th centuries. The Phimai Historical Park opens everday from 7.30-18.00 hrs. Admission fee is 20 Baht per
person.

 
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